Herschel Mission Finds Galactic Growth Slow and Steady
NASA – The Herschel Infrared Space Observatory discovered that galaxies do not always need to collide with each other to drive vigorous star birth. The finding overturns a long-held assumption and paints a more stately picture of how galaxies evolve. The new results are based on Herschel’s observations of two patches of sky, each about one-third the size of the full moon.
These observations are unique because Herschel can obtain data at a wide range of infrared light and reveal a more complete picture of star birth than ever seen before.
Herschel is a European Space Agency cornerstone mission, with science instruments provided by consortia of European institutes and with important participation by NASA JPL, which contributed mission-enabling technology for two of Herschel’s three science instruments. Image Credit: ESA–AOES Medialab
Posted in Nature, Science, SPACE WATCH, Technology
Tagged European Space Agency, Galaxy, Herschel Space Observatory, Infrared, Infrared Space Observatory, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA, Space
By John Villasenor – The Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA) approved in September 2011 constitutes the most significant overhaul of the American patent system in decades. The legislation was signed into law by President Obama on September 16, 2011.
The new law will move the United States away from a “first to invent” system and closer to the “first to file” approach used in much of the rest of the world. Other important changes include a new proceeding in the U .S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) for third-party challenges to the validity of a recently issued patent, an expanded mechanism for a third party to provide information to the PTO that could be used to narrow or eliminate claims in a pending patent application being prosecuted by a commercial rival, and the introduction of a new, broadly applicable patent infringement defense based on prior commercial use.
It will take many years to develop a mature body of case law and legal scholarship on the full impact of the AIA. What is clear today is that it will profoundly impact the ways that patents are filed, prosecuted, and litigated in the coming years. more> http://is.gd/oMRSU0
- Sweeping patent changes poised to become law ↓
- Patent overhaul signed into law by Obama, Josh Lowensohn, CNET News
- Obama signs patent reform legislation, Darlene Superville, Associated Press/R&D Mag
- Defining Prior Art under the Leahy-Smith AIA, Howard Skaist and Ted Karr, Patently-O
- America Invents: Immediate Changes to Patent Law Start Today, Eldora L. Ellison, Ph.D. and Jeremiah B. Frueauf, IPWatchdog.com
- Innovating our System for Innovation, White House
Posted in Economic development, Economy, Intellectual Property, Regulations
Tagged Barack Obama, Capital, Credit, First to file and first to invent, Industrial economy, Intellectual property, Patent, Super regions, United States Patent and Trademark Office
R&D Mag – A readily portable miniature microscope weighing less than 2 g and tiny enough to balance on your fingertip has been developed by Stanford University researchers.
“You could put 10 of these in your pocket and take them out to the field to do ecological studies of soil or give them to aid workers to carry, so they could potentially do on-the-spot medical screening for diseases such as tuberculosis,” says Mark Schnitzer, associate professor of biology and of applied physics at Stanford. more> http://is.gd/tTLWwv
Posted in Economic development, Education, Healthcare, Product, Science, Technology
Tagged Biology, Business improvement, Health, Microscope, Physics, Screening (medicine), Stanford University, Super regions, Test & certification