Orion’s Rainbow of Infrared Light
NASA – This new view of the Orion Nebula highlights fledgling stars hidden in the gas and clouds. It shows infrared observations taken by NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope and the European Space Agency‘s Herschel mission, in which NASA plays an important role.
Stars form as clumps of this gas and dust collapses, creating warm globs of material fed by an encircling disk. These dusty envelopes glow brightest at longer wavelengths, appearing as red dots in this image. In several hundred thousand years, some of the forming stars will accrete enough material to trigger nuclear fusion at their cores and then blaze into stardom.
Spitzer is designed to see shorter infrared wavelengths than Herschel. By combining their observations, astronomers get a more complete picture of star formation. The colors in this image relate to the different wavelengths of light, and to the temperature of material, mostly dust, in this region of Orion. Data from Spitzer show warmer objects in blue, with progressively cooler dust appearing green and red in the Herschel datasets. The more evolved, hotter embryonic stars thus appear in blue.
Infrared data at wavelengths of 8.0 and 24 microns from Spitzer are rendered in blue. Herschel data with wavelengths of 70 and 160 microns are represented in green and red, respectively.
This image was released on Feb. 29, 2012. Image Credit: NASA/ESA/JPL-Caltech/IRAM
Hubble Image of Galaxies’ El Dorado
NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has produced this beautiful image of the galaxy NGC 1483. NGC 1483 is a barred spiral galaxy located in the southern constellation of Dorado — the dolphinfish (or Mahi-mahi fish) in Spanish. The nebulous galaxy features a bright central bulge and diffuse arms with distinct star-forming regions. In the background, many other distant galaxies can be seen.
The constellation Dorado is home to the Dorado Group of galaxies, a loose group comprised of an estimated 70 galaxies and located some 62 million light-years away. The Dorado group is much larger than the Local Group that includes the Milky Way (and which contains around 30 galaxies) and approaches the size of a galaxy cluster. Galaxy clusters are the largest groupings of galaxies (and indeed the largest structures of any type) in the universe to be held together by their gravity.
Barred spiral galaxies are so named because of the prominent bar-shaped structures found in their center. They form about two thirds of all spiral galaxies, including the Milky Way. Recent studies suggest that bars may be a common stage in the formation of spiral galaxies, and may indicate that a galaxy has reached full maturity. Image Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA
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- Galactic Views (17) (theneteconomy.wordpress.com)
IBM – IBM (NYSE: IBM) scientists developed a prototype optical chipset, dubbed “Holey Optochip”, that is the first parallel optical transceiver to transfer one trillion bits – one terabit – of information per second, the equivalent of downloading 500 high definition movies.
With the ability to move information at blazing speeds – eight times faster than parallel optical components available today – the breakthrough could transform how data is accessed, shared and used for a new era of communications, computing and entertainment. The raw speed of one transceiver is equivalent to the bandwidth consumed by 100,000 users at today’s typical 10 Mb/s high-speed internet access.
“Reaching the one trillion bit per second mark with the Holey Optochip marks IBM’s latest milestone to develop chip-scale transceivers that can handle the volume of traffic in the era of big data,” said IBM Researcher Clint Schow, part of the team that built the prototype. “We have been actively pursuing higher levels of integration, power efficiency and performance for all the optical components through packaging and circuit innovations. We aim to improve on the technology for commercialization in the next decade with the collaboration of manufacturing partners.”
Using a novel approach, scientists in IBM labs developed the Holey Optochip by fabricating 48 holes through a standard silicon CMOS chip. The holes allow optical access through the back of the chip to 24 receiver and 24 transmitter channels to produce an ultra-compact, high-performing and power-efficient optical module capable of record setting data transfer rates. more> http://is.gd/KXDPxY
Posted in Media, Net, Technology
Tagged CMOS, Fiber optics, Holey Optochip, IBM, Integrated circuit, Internet, Optics, Physics, Semiconductor, Terabit, Wireline
Jaymie Scotto & Associates – 2012 Telecom Exchange will be held June 27th at Cipriani Wall Street in Manhattan.
Telecom Exchange is an annual industry networking event designed to increase delegates’ ROI by offering face-to-face meetings and a neutral, exhibit hall environment. The event is attended by the data center and colocation facility operators as well as the local and global network operators that have connectivity within these key facilities. Telecom Exchange offers a directory and an online meeting system, DealCenter, to help navigate attendees to other network operators who are one cross-connect away from doing business. All meetings pre-planned through the DealCenter are held on-site at Telecom Exchange.
“The combination of the neutral exhibitor floor and one-on-one meetings provides equal opportunities for small and large companies, ” states Jaymie Scotto Cutaia, CEO and Founder of Jaymie Scotto & Associates and DealCenter, LLC. “With the support of DealCenter, an online system that lists and sorts attendees by name, company, service, and available interconnection points, Telecom Exchange empowers participants to focus on generating qualified business opportunities.”
Sponsorship and exhibit opportunities are still available, on a first-come, first-serve basis. To learn more about sponsorship packages and exhibition space, contact Lauren Sauer at email@example.com or visit www.thetelecomexchange.com. ♦
R&D Mag – The 1970s saw the development of the first microprocessor, pocket calculators, video cassette recorders, and early personal computers.
Notable technologies that were awarded IR/R&D 100 Awards included the amino acid sequencer (1970), solid-state lithium batteries (1971), the automated teller machine (1973), the compact floppy diskette (1973), a thermally stable automotive exhaust catalysis (1973), the color copier (1974), the halogen lamp (1974), the fax machine (1975), and high-speed CMOS RAM (1978). A complete list of winning technologies can be found on www.rdmag.com/rd100awards.
Posted in Economic development, Product, Science, Technology
Tagged AMP Electric Vehicle, Automated teller machine, Business, Business improvement, Calculator, Electric vehicle, Industrial economy, Japan, OPEC, United States
By John Villasenor – First, the new first-to-file system will fundamentally alter the role of public “disclosures” in preserving the patentability of an invention. Disclosures can include presentations and demonstrations at trade shows, official postings on company websites, and even unauthorized postings by company employees on social networking sites.
First, an explanation of “first-to-file”:
The term “first-to-file” can evoke images of a race to the patent office, and there are indeed scenarios in which the patent will go to the winner of just such a race. However, that is far from the whole story.
Consider, for example, the case of an employee at Company A, who conceives an invention in May, works diligently to reduce it to practice, and files the corresponding patent application in August. Suppose, further, that an employee at Company B independently conceives the same invention in June and files for a patent in July.
Who gets the patent? more> http://is.gd/u6juIK