‘Bathurst Inlet’ Rock on Curiosity‘s Sol 54, Context View
NASA – NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity held its Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) camera about 10.5 inches (27 centimeters) away from the top of a rock called “Bathurst Inlet” for a set of eight images combined into this merged-focus view of the rock. This context image covers an area roughly 6.5 inches by 5 inches (16 centimeters by 12 centimeters). Resolution is about 105 microns per pixel.
MAHLI took the component images for this merged-focus view, plus closer-up images of Bathurst Inlet, during Curiosity’s 54th Martian day, or sol (Sept. 30, 2012). The instrument’s principal investigator had invited Curiosity’s science team to “MAHLI it up!” in the selection of Sol 54 targets for inspection with MAHLI and with the other instrument at the end of Curiosity’s arm, the Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer.
A merged-focus MAHLI view from closer to the rock, providing even finer resolution, is at http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/14763.
The Bathurst Inlet rock is dark gray and appears to be so fine-grained that MAHLI cannot resolve grains or crystals in it. This means that the grains or crystals, if there are any at all, are smaller than about 80 microns in size. Some windblown sand-sized grains or dust aggregates have accumulated on the surface of the rock but this surface is clean compared to, for example, the pebbly substrate below the rock (upper left and lower right in this context image).
MAHLI can do focus merging onboard. The full-frame versions of the eight separate images that were combined into this view were not even returned to Earth — just the thumbnail versions. Merging the images onboard reduces the volume of data that needs to be downlinked to Earth. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Malin Space Science Systems
Posted in Nature, Science, SPACE WATCH, Technology, Transportation
Tagged Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer, Mars, Mars rover, Mars Science Laboratory, NASA, Space science, Timekeeping on Mars
By Charles Kadlec – The U.S. economy has slipped into a growth recession.
The economic consequence will be either higher unemployment, a further decline in the labor force participation rate, or a combination of the two. The political consequence will be increased scrutiny of each Presidential candidate’s economic program during the debates and through the final days of the campaign. more> http://tinyurl.com/8s6ljyz
By Seth Borenstein – Fraud in scientific research, while still rare, is growing at a troubling pace.
In 1976, there were fewer than 10 fraud retractions for every 1 million studies published, compared with 96 retractions per million in 2007.
The study authors aren’t quite sure why this is happening. But they and outside experts point to pressure to hit it big in science, both for funding and attention, and to what seems to be a subtle increase in deception in overall society that science may simply be mirroring.
“Very few people are doing it, but when they do it, they are doing it in areas that are very important,” Arturo Casadevall said, a professor of microbiology at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York. “And when these things come out, society loses faith in science.” more> http://tinyurl.com/8lfcml2
- Study: Fraud growing in scientific research papers (kansascity.com)
- Misconduct, not mistakes, behind most retractions of scientific papers – CBC.ca (cbc.ca)
- Tenfold increase in scientific research papers retracted for fraud (guardian.co.uk)
- Misconduct, Not Error, Accounts For Most Scientific Paper Retractions (sys-con.com)
- Misconduct, Not Error, Accounts For Most Scientific Paper Retractions (news.bioscholar.com)
- Study: Fraud growing in scientific research papers (news.terra.com)
- Study: Fraud growing in scientific research papers (seattletimes.com)
- Study: Fraud growing in scientific research papers (mysanantonio.com)
- Misconduct, Not Mistakes, Causes Most Retractions of Scientific Papers (news.sciencemag.org)
- Misconduct, Not Error, Accounts For Most Scientific Paper Retractions (sacbee.com)
Posted in Business, Economy, Science, Technology
Tagged Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Arturo Casadevall, Fraud, Industrial economy, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Science and Technology, Scientific misconduct, United States
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By Charles Murray – Soon your car’s engine will automatically shut down at traffic lights and stop signs. It will turn off during heavy rush-hour driving. It may even shut down when you pull your foot off the accelerator and coast, possibly at speeds of up to 75mph.
US automakers have begun unveiling a new breed of start-stop-equipped vehicles. Ford, Chevy, Buick, Kia, and BMW will roll out the technology early in 2012.
“It’s going to start happening in 2012,” says Doug Patton, senior vice president of engineering for Denso International America, an automotive supplier introducing a family of starters. more> http://tinyurl.com/6s6tl99
Posted in Business, Product, Technology, Transportation
Tagged BMW, Buick, Business improvement, Chevrolet, Chevy, Ford, Industrial economy, Stop sign, United States
CONGRESS WATCH Want a job? Look to the energy field, USATODAY.com Rep. Mike Pompeo (KS-04) with Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-TN): Puff, the Magic Drag on the Economy; Wall Street Journal, September 18. Rep. Tom Cole (OK-04): Rep. Cole Speaks … Continue reading
CONGRESS WATCH Ron Paul vs Bernanke: Is Gold Money? – July 13, 2011, YouTube [VIDEO 5:33] Signs Of The Gold Standard Are Emerging From Germany, Ralph Benko, Forbes Gold is Good Money, US Congress