Tag Archives: Adolf Hitler

How We Got Here

Foreign Affairs – What follow are selections from our archives that tell the story of the ideological battles of the past century and the emergency of the modern order.

Harold J. Laski – “It is not, I think, excessive to argue that the experience of this generation leads most socially conscious observers to doubt the desirability of relying upon the money motive in individuals automatically to produce a well-ordered community. It is at least a matter of universal recognition that the collective intelligence of society must control all major economic operations. But the translation of that recognition into policy encounters difficulties of which the importance cannot be emphasized. For it asks men to part with power on an unexampled scale. It changes a system of established expectations profoundly rooted in the habits of mankind. It disturbs vested interests which are well organized, both for offense and defense, and accustomed by long tradition to have their way. No governing class in the history of the world has consciously and deliberately sacrificed its authority. . . . But the call to socialism, which the anarchy of capitalist society has produced, is, at bottom, a demand for economic egalitarianism in which the possessors are invited to sacrifice their power, their vested interests, their established expectations, for the attainment of a common good they will no longer be able to manipulate to their own interest. . . .”

· Making Modernity WorkGideon Rose
· Lenin and MussoliniHarold J. Laski
· LeninVictor Chernov
· Stalin’s PowerPaul Scheffer
· Making the Collective Man in Soviet RussiaWilliam Henry Chamberlin
· The Philosophic Basis of FascismGiovanni Gentile
· Radical Forces in GermanyErich Koch-Weser
· Hitler: Phenomenon and PortentPaul Scheffer
· Hitler’s Reich: The First PhaseHamilton Fish Armstrong
· Political Ideas in the Twentieth CenturyIsaiah Berlin
· Of LibertyBenedetto Croce
· The Position and Prospects of CommunismHarold J. Laski
· Nationalism and Economic LifeLeon Trotsky
· The Reconstruction of LiberalismC. H. McIlwain
· The Economic Tasks of the Postwar WorldAlvin H. Hansen and C. P. Kindleberger
· Freedom and ControlGeoffrey Crowther
· The Split Between Asian and Western Socialism David J. Saposs
· The Myth of Post–Cold War ChaosG. John Ikenberry
· The Return of Authoritarian Great PowersAzar Gat
· How Development Leads to Democracy Ronald Inglehart and Christian Welzel
· The Post-Washington ConsensusNancy Birdsall and Francis Fukuyama
· The Future of HistoryFrancis Fukuyama
· The Democratic MalaiseCharles A. Kupchan
· The Strange Triumph of Liberal DemocracyShlomo Avineri

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